Information We Collect
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Use of Information
When personal information is collected, we will inform you at the point of collection the purpose for the collection. LCG will not transfer your personal information to third parties without your consent, except under the limited conditions described under the section entitled “Information Sharing and Disclosure” below.
LCG uses personal information for several to fulfill your requests for certain services, to keep you up to date on the latest announcements or other information we think you would like to hear about either from us, and to better understand your needs and provide you with better services.
Information Sharing and Disclosure
We do not transfer or share your information except as provided below:
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LCG and its companies are committed to protecting your personal information and do so with certain physical and technological procedures. However, we cannot ensure the security of the information as you transmit it to us, and so we urge you to take every precaution to protect your personal data when you are on the Internet. This includes using a secure browser where applicable.
Notification of Changes
If LCG goes through a business transition, such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of a portion of our assets, users’ personal information will, in most instances, be part of the assets transferred. If as a result of the business transition, the users’ personally identifiable information will be used in a manner different from that stated at the time of collection they will be given choice consistent with our notification of changes section.
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Boy With a Basket of Fruit 1593
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571 – 1610) was an Italian artist, considered the first great representative of the Baroque school of painting. He burst upon the Rome art scene in 1600, and thereafter never lacked for commissions or patrons.
In the decades of the late 16th and early 17th Centuries, huge new churches and palazzi were being built in Rome and paintings were needed to fill them. The Counter-Reformation Church searched for authentic religious art with which to counter the threat of Protestantism, and for this task the artificial conventions of Mannerism, which had ruled art for almost a century, no longer seemed adequate. Caravaggio's novelty was a radical naturalism, which combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical, approach to chiaroscuro, the use of light and shadow. Caravaggio had a noteworthy ability to express in one scene of unsurpassed vividness the passing of a crucial moment.
Famous and extremely influential while he lived, Caravaggio was almost entirely forgotten in the centuries after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. Despite this, his influence on the new Baroque style that eventually emerged from the ruins of Mannerism, was profound.
Caravaggio. (2009, February 26). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:22, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caravaggio&oldid=273403659
Francesco Hayez (1791 - 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.
Hayez came from a relatively poor family from Venice. Francesco, the youngest of five sons, was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married Giovanni Binasco, a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806, where he studied under Teodoro Matteini. He remained in Rome until 1814 and then moved to Naples where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting Ulysses at the court of Alcinous.
Assessment of the career of Hayez is complicated by the fact that he often did not sign or date his works. Often the date indicated from the evidence is that at which the work was acquired or sold, not of its creation. Moreover he often painted the same compositions several times with minimal variations, or even with no variation. His early works show the influence of Ingres and the Nazarene movement. His later work participates in the Classical revival.
Francesco Hayez. (2009, January 24). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:24, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francesco_Hayez&oldid=266068723
The Kiss 1907
Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouveau movement. His major works include paintings, murals, sketches, and other art objects, many of which are on display in the Vienna Secession gallery. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism, nowhere is this more apparent than in his numerous pencil drawings.
Klimt's work is distinguished by the elegant gold or colored decoration that conceals the more erotic positions of the drawings upon which many of his paintings are based. This can be seen in Judith I (1901) and in The Kiss (1907). One of the most common themes Klimt utilized was that of the dominant woman, the femme fatale. Art historians note an eclectic range of influences contributing to Klimt's distinct style, including Egyptian, Minoan, Classical Greek, and Byzantine inspirations. His mature works are characterized by a rejection of earlier naturalistic styles, and make use of symbols or symbolic elements to convey psychological ideas and emphasize the "freedom" of art from traditional culture.
Gustav Klimt. (2009, February 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:09, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gustav_Klimt&oldid=272604432
Frederic Lord Leighton
Flaming June 1895
Frederic Lord Leighton (1830 – 1896) was an English painter and sculptor. His works depicted historical, biblical and classical subject matter.
Leighton was born in Scarborough to a family in the import and export business. He was educated at University College School, London. In 1864 he became an associate of the Royal Academy and in 1878 he became its President. His 1877 sculpture, Athlete Wrestling with a Python, was considered at its time to inaugurate a renaissance in contemporary British sculpture, referred to as the New Sculpture. His paintings represented Britain at the great 1900 Paris Exhibition.
His house in Holland Park, London has been turned into a museum, the Leighton House Museum. It contains a number of his drawings and paintings, as well as some of his sculptures. The house also features many of Leighton's inspirations, including his collection of Isnik tiles. Its centerpiece is the magnificent Arab Hall.
Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton. (2009, February 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:23, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Frederic_Leighton,_1st_Baron_Leighton&oldid=268505337
Utagawa Toyokuni (1769 - 1825) was a great master of ukiyo-e, known in particular for his Kabuki actor prints. He was one of the heads of the renowned Utagawa school of Japanese woodblock artists, and was the person who really moved it to the position of great fame and power it occupied for the rest of the nineteenth century.
He was known mostly for his prints related to the Kabuki theatre, in particular his actor portraits, a field which he took to new heights. It is said of Toyokuni's prints that they recreate exactly what one would see on stage; they show actors acting, not merely just pictures of actors. Together, these characteristics made Toyokuni's prints popular among the crowd of theatergoers.
This popularity may in part have been his undoing, though. From 1803 through 1817, his work became more static, even as it became more popular. He continued to produce large quantities of prints, but the quality, as a rule did not match that of his earlier days, although occasional prints from this period show his old brilliance.
Toyokuni. (2009, January 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:19, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toyokuni&oldid=261776760
Vincent Van Gogh
Self Portrait 1887
Vincent Willem Van Gogh (1853 – 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist artist. Some of his paintings are now among the world's best known, most popular and expensive works of art.
Initially, Van Gogh worked only with somber colors, until he encountered Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism in Paris. He incorporated their brighter colors and style of painting into a uniquely recognizable style, which was fully developed during the time he spent at Arles, France. He produced more than 2,000 works, including around 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches, during the last ten years of his life. Most of his best-known works were produced in the final two years of his life.
The paintings from the Saint-Rémy period are often characterized by swirls and spirals. The patterns of luminosity in these images have been shown to conform to Kolmogorov's statistical model of turbulence.
It is estimated that Van Gogh overpainted more than a third of his output with new paintings. In 2008, a team from Delft University of Technology and the University of Antwerp used advanced X-ray techniques to create a clear image of a woman's face previously painted, underneath the work Patch of Grass.
Vincent van Gogh. (2009, February 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:13, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vincent_van_Gogh&oldid=273595206
Girl With a Pearl Earring 1665
Johannes Vermeer (1632 - 1675) was a Dutch Baroque painter who specialized in exquisite, domestic interior scenes of ordinary life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime.
Vermeer worked slowly and with great care, using bright colors, with a preference for cornflower blue and yellow. He is particularly renowned for his masterly treatment and use of light in his work. What strikes in most of his paintings is a certain love, which easily could be called a love sickness, for the people and the objects in his paintings. He created a world more perfect than any he had witnessed.
There is no other seventeenth century artist who early in his career employed, in the most lavish way, the exorbitantly expensive pigment lapis lazuli, or natural ultramarine. Vermeer not only used this in elements that are naturally of this color; the earth colors umber and ochre should be understood as warm light within a painting's strongly-lit interior, which reflects its multiple colors onto the wall.
This working method most probably was inspired by Vermeer’s understanding of Leonardo’s observations that the surface of every object partakes of the color of the adjacent object. This means that no object is ever seen entirely in its natural color.
Johannes Vermeer. (2009, February 25). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:22, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Johannes_Vermeer&oldid=273080864
Leonardo Da Vinci
Mona Lisa 1503-1506
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519) has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance man, a man whose unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his powers of invention. He was an Italian polymath, being a scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer. Da Vinci is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
Da Vinci was and is renowned primarily as a painter. Perhaps fifteen of his paintings survive, the small number due to his constant, and frequently disastrous, experimentation with new techniques, and his chronic procrastination. Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, comprise a contribution to later generations of artists.
Among the works created by Leonardo in the 1500s is the small portrait known as the Mona Lisa or "la Gioconda", the laughing one. The painting is famous, in particular, for the elusive smile on the woman's face, its mysterious quality brought about perhaps by the fact that the artist has subtly shadowed the corners of the mouth and eyes so that the exact nature of the smile cannot be determined. The shadowy quality for which the work is renowned came to be called "sfumato" or Leonardo's smoke.
Leonardo da Vinci. (2009, February 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:13, February 27, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leonardo_da_Vinci&oldid=273585524